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The water table of Lake Zürich is 405.94 metres above sea-level. The lowest point of the city is on the banks of the river Limmat, at 392 metres above sea-level, while the highest – the peak of the Uetliberg mountain – is 871 metres. The City of Zürich is divided into 12 districts and 34 quarters. The agglomeration of Zürich is made up of the City of Zürich and 130 other municipalities. The Zürich Metropolitan Area has some 1.9 million inhabitants and 900,000 employees spread across 238 municipalities in eight cantons.

Zürich central station is one of Europe's main railway intersections, with over 1,900 connections every day. Intercity trains leave every half-hour to various hubs in Switzerland and Europe, and the city is only a matter of hours by train from Paris (4.5 hours), Milan (3.5 hours), Munich (5 hours) and Hamburg (7 hours). Air journey times from the international airport to these destinations are around one hour.


Zürich is the largest city in Switzerland with a population of over 380,500, an increase of 19,500 since year 2000.  1.1 million people live in Zürich agglomeration, while there are 1.9 million in the metropolitan area. By 2008, 31% of the city's population was made up of non-Swiss from a total of 166 different countries, all of whom help to make up Zürich's multi-cultural character. 10% of all foreigners who move to Switzerland come to the City of Zürich, emphasizing its central role as an economic hub. Germans make up the largest group with 27,870 living in the city, followed by Italians 13,598 and Serbia and Montenegro with 10,245.


One out of every nine jobs in Switzerland is in the City of Zürich, while 82 of 208 banking institutions in Switzerland have their headquarters here. The total assets of these banks correspond to 85.1% of the total value of all assets held in Switzerland. One out of every five jobs in the creative economy can also be found in Zürich, and these generate CHF 9.2 billion – 15% of Switzerland's entire revenue.

Some 110 hotel companies with 11.500 beds at their disposal provide 2.5 million overnight stays every year, while Zürich airport looks after around 20 million passengers.

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